In the present article we analyze the current problem of modern organizations, which is associated with an increase in interest in the so-called professionals - generalists compared with specialists, interest in comparison of professions from the position of the complexity and the depth of tasks that their representatives solve. On the example of three case studies of professions that are considered as generalists in organizations and society, the specifics of the activities, professional training and careers of their representatives are shown. We also identify reasons why organizations need these specialists, as well as problems associated with their status, their duties and communications. Three types of generalists in the organization are identified, due to the peculiarities of their involvement in solving different goals of the organization and to different career prospects. It is shown that generalists are the most important resource for organizational adaptation to changing external and internal conditions.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Business psychologists, Business psychology, Generalists, Managers, Professional career, Professional development, Professional training, Specialists
Journal Organizatsionnaya Psikhologiya
Citation
Ivanova, N.L. (Natalia L.), Klimova, A.V. (Anna V.), & Thorngate, W. (2019). Generalists in modern organizations: Theoretical review. Organizatsionnaya Psikhologiya, 9(4), 185–202.