The goal of the present study was to examine the relations between the cognitive (i.e., expectations) and emotional (i.e., anxiety, anger) components of rejection sensitivity and adjustment among Chinese children. Participants were N = 654 children (grades four to seven) in Shanghai, China. Measures of rejection sensitivity, socio-emotional functioning, and academic achievement were collected via multi-source assessment. Among the results, the anxiety component was associated with psychological problems (e.g., social anxiety, lower self-worth), whereas the anger component was associated with social and behavioral problems (e.g., peer victimization, lower peer preference, total difficulties). Rejection expectations were associated with the widest range of adjustment difficulties. The current findings suggest that rejection sensitivity poses considerable risk for Chinese youth, and that the emotional and cognitive components of rejection sensitivity should be viewed as distinct vulnerabilities for risk. Results are discussed in terms of the unique implications of rejection sensitivity in Chinese culture.

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Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology
Department of Psychology

Ding, X. (Xuechen), Fu, R. (Rui), Ooi, L.L. (Laura L.), Coplan, R, Zheng, Q. (Qinyi), & Deng, X. (Xinmei). (2020). Relations between different components of rejection sensitivity and adjustment in Chinese children. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 67. doi:10.1016/j.appdev.2020.101119