Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania are looking forward to improve research and development in science in their region with the help of European and western countries. Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania faced many problems including inflation after they gained independence from the Soviet Union. Maris Turks, a resident of Latvia, emigrated to Switzerland to pursue a Ph.D in chemistry, after these Baltic states joined the European Union he came back and established a synthetic organic chemistry lab at Riga's Technical University. The 5th Balticum Syntheticum Organicum conference was held at Vilnius and attended by 250 delegates and participants from Europe, the US, and Japan. The conference provided an excellent opportunity to listen to internationally recognized science.