In this study, three alumina-forming austenitic (AFA) steels (Fe-18Ni-12Cr-AlNbC, Fe- 18Ni-12Cr-Al, and Fe-18Ni-16Cr-AlNbC) were exposed to superheated steam (SHS) at 700 °C for 1000 h to study their oxidation behavior. The Fe-18Ni-16Cr-AlNbC alloy showed the best performance as it had the least weight gain due to a denser surface oxide layer and the lack of internal oxidation. The Fe-18Ni-12Cr-AlNbC alloy suffered from internal oxidation and had a greater weight gain than Fe-18Ni-16Cr-AlNbC, while Fe- 18Ni-12Cr-Al experienced weight loss due to perhaps external oxide spallation, leaving a less protective Fe-oxide on the external surface.

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Journal Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science
Xiao, B. (Bingjie), Tepylo, N. (Nick), Huang, X, Zhou, Z. (Zhangjian), & Penttilä, S. (Sami). (2020). Oxidation behavior of alumina-forming austenitic steels in superheated steam at 700 °c. Journal of Nuclear Engineering and Radiation Science, 6(3). doi:10.1115/1.4044530