Over the last decade, a large number of research articles have been published demonstrating regeneration and/or neuroprotection of retinal ganglion cells following manipulation of specific genetic and molecular targets. Interestingly, of the targets that have been identified to promote repair following visual system damage, many are genes known to be mutated in different types of cancer. This review explores recent literature on the potential for modulating cancer genes as a therapeutic strategy for visual system repair and looks at the potential clinical challenges associated with implementing this type of therapy. We also discuss signalling mechanisms that have been implicated in cancer and consider how similar mechanisms may improve axonal regeneration in the optic nerve.

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Keywords Axon regeneration, Cancer genes, PTEN, Retinal ganglion cells, Visual system repair mechanisms
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.preteyeres.2016.08.003
Journal Progress in Retinal and Eye Research
Barber, A. (Amanda), Farmer, K. (Kyle), Martin, K.R. (Keith R.), & Smith, P. (2017). Retinal regeneration mechanisms linked to multiple cancer molecules: A therapeutic conundrum. Progress in Retinal and Eye Research (Vol. 56, pp. 19–31). doi:10.1016/j.preteyeres.2016.08.003