Wild eastern spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana Clemens) were reared on white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) trees, half of which had been previously inoculated with a native endophytic fungus, Phialocephala scopiformis DAOM 229536 Kowalski and Kehr (Helotiales, Ascomycota). Survival up to pupation and up to adult emergence was approximately 27% higher for budworm juveniles that developed on control trees compared to trees inoculated with the endophyte. The endophyte did not influence the size or sex of survivors but did reduce defoliation by approximately 30%. Reductions in defoliation on endophyte-inoculated versus control trees, due to reductions in survival of juvenile budworms, suggests that tree inoculations with P. scopiformis could play an important role in integrated management programs against the eastern spruce budworm.

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Department of Chemistry

Quiring, D. (Dan), Adams, G. (Greg), McCartney, A. (Andrew), Edwards, S. (Sara), & Miller, JD. (2020). A foliar endophyte of white spruce reduces survival of the eastern spruce budworm and tree defoliation. Forests, 11(6). doi:10.3390/f11060659