The current study examines the impact of a recently implemented community-based Crisis Outreach and Support Team (COAST) in a small Canadian police service. COAST pairs a police officer from the South Simcoe Police Service in Ontario, Canada with a crisis response worker from either the Canadian Mental Health Association or York Support Services Network. Through a pre- versus post-implementation analysis, key outcome variables were examined. Results demonstrated that there were significant differences between general patrol and COAST in terms of time spent on crisis-related calls and this was associated with a reduced cost to the service. Additionally, compared to pre-implementation rates, the Service saw an increase in community resources provided to clients in need and a decrease in involuntary apprehensions. These initial findings provide some preliminary support for the value of the COAST initiative in the South Simcoe Police Service.

Community mental health services, Mental health, Mobile crisis response team, Police
Community Mental Health Journal
Police Research Lab

Semple, T. (Tori), Tomlin, M. (Matt), Bennell, C, & Jenkins, B. (Bryce). (2020). An Evaluation of a Community-Based Mobile Crisis Intervention Team in a Small Canadian Police Service. Community Mental Health Journal. doi:10.1007/s10597-020-00683-8