This paper focuses on the derivation of an analytical model of the aeroelastic dynamics of an elastically mounted flexible wing. The equations of motion obtained serve to help understand the behaviour of the aeroelastic wind tunnel setup in question, which consists of a rectangular wing with a uniform NACA 0012 airfoil profile, whose base is free to rotate rigidly about a longitudinal axis. Of particular interest are the structural geometric nonlinearities primarily introduced by the coupling between the rigid body pitch degree-of-freedom and the continuous system. A coupled system of partial differential equations (PDEs) coupled with an ordinary differential equation (ODE) describing axial-bending-bending-torsion-pitch motion is derived using Hamilton's principle. A finite dimensional approximation of the system of coupled differential equations is obtained using the Galerkin method, leading to a system of coupled nonlinear ODEs. Subsequently, these nonlinear ODEs are solved numerically using Houbolt's method. The results that are obtained are verified by comparison with the results obtained by direct integration of the equations of motion using a finite difference scheme. Adopting a linear unsteady aerodynamic model, it is observed that the system undergoes coalescence flutter due to coupling between the rigid body pitch rotation dominated mode and the first flapwise bending dominated mode. The behaviour of the limit cycle oscillations is primarily influenced by the structural geometric nonlinear terms in the coupled system of PDEs and ODE.

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Journal of Sound and Vibration
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Robinson, B. (Brandon), da Costa, L. (Leandro), Poirel, D. (Dominique), Pettit, C. (Chris), Khalil, M. (Mohammad), & Sarkar, A. (2020). Aeroelastic oscillations of a pitching flexible wing with structural geometric nonlinearities: Theory and numerical simulation. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 484. doi:10.1016/j.jsv.2020.115389