Optical fiber-based surface plasmon resonance (OF-SPR) sensors have demonstrated high versatility and performances over the last years, which propelled the technique to the heart of numerous and original biosensing concepts. In this work, we contribute to this effort and present our recent findings about the detection of breast cancer HER2 biomarkers through OF-SPR optrodes. 1 cm-long sections of 400 μm core-diameter optical fibers were covered with a sputtered gold film, yielding enhanced sensitivity to surface refractive index changes. Studying the impacts of the gold film thickness on the plasmonic spectral response, we improved the quality and reproducibility of the sensors. These achievements were correlated in two ways, using both the central wavelengths of the plasmon resonance and its influence on the bulk refractive index sensitivity. Our dataset was fed by additional biosensing experiments with a direct and indirect approach, relying on aptamers and antibodies specifically implemented in a sandwich layout. HER2 biomarkers were specifically detected at 0.6 μg/mL (5.16 nM) in label-free while the amplification with HER2-antibodies provided a nearly hundredfold signal magnification, reaching 9.3 ng/mL (77.4 pM). We believe that these results harbinger the way for their further use in biomedical samples.

Aptamers, Biomarker, Breast cancer diagnosis, HER2, Optical fiber, Surface plasmon resonance
Institute of Biochemistry

Loyez, M. (Médéric), Lobry, M. (Maxime), Hassan, E.M. (Eman M.), DeRosa, M.C, Caucheteur, C. (Christophe), & Wattiez, R. (Ruddy). (2021). HER2 breast cancer biomarker detection using a sandwich optical fiber assay. Talanta, 221. doi:10.1016/j.talanta.2020.121452