In vehicular ad hoc networks (VANETs), the security and privacy of vehicle data are core issues. In order to analyze vehicle data, they need to be computed. Encryption is a common method to guarantee the security of vehicle data in the process of data dissemination and computation. However, encrypted vehicle data cannot be analyzed easily and flexibly. Because homomorphic encryption supports computations of the ciphertext, it can completely solve this problem. In this paper, we provide a comprehensive survey of secure computation based on homomorphic encryption in VANETs. We first describe the related definitions and the current state of homomorphic encryption. Next, we present the framework, communication domains, wireless access technologies and cyber-security issues of VANETs. Then, we describe the state of the art of secure basic operations, data aggregation, data query and other data computation in VANETs. Finally, several challenges and open issues are discussed for future research.

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Department of Systems and Computer Engineering

Sun, X. (Xiaoqiang), Yu, F.R, Zhang, P. (Peng), Xie, W. (Weixin), & Peng, X. (Xiang). (2020). A survey on secure computation based on homomorphic encryption in vehicular Ad Hoc networks. Sensors (Vol. 20, pp. 1–31). doi:10.3390/s20154253