The basidiomycetous fungus Pseudozyma flocculosa represents a promising new host for the expression of complex recombinant proteins. Two novel heterologous promoter sequences, the Ustilago maydis glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GPD) and Pseudozyma tsukubaensis α-glucosidase promoters, were tested for their ability to provide expression in P. flocculosa. In liquid medium, these two promoters produced lower levels of intracellular green fluorescent protein (GFP) as compared to the U. maydis hsp70 promoter. However, GPD and α-glucosidase sequences behaved as constitutive promoters whereas the hsp70 promoter appeared to be morphology-dependent. When using the hsp70 promoter, the expression of GFP increased proportionally to the concentration of hygromycin in the culture medium, indicating possible induction of the promoter by the antibiotic. Optimal solid-state culture conditions were designed for high throughput screening of hygromycin-resistant transformants with the hsp70 promoter in P. flocculosa.

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Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry
Department of Chemistry

Avis, T, Anguenot, R. (Raphaël), Neveu, B. (Bertrand), Bolduc, S. (Sébastien), Zhao, Y. (Yingyi), Cheng, Y. (Yali), … Bélanger, R.R. (Richard R.). (2008). Usefulness of heterologous promoters in the Pseudozyma flocculosa gene expression system. Bioscience, Biotechnology and Biochemistry, 72(2), 456–462. doi:10.1271/bbb.70563