Despite extensive searches for an additional neutral massive gauge boson at the LHC, a Z′ at the weak scale could still be present if its couplings to the first two generations of quarks are suppressed, in which case the production in hadron colliders relies on tree-level processes in association with heavy flavors or one-loop processes in association with a jet. We consider the low-energy effective theory of a top-philic Z′ and present possible UV completions. We clarify theoretical subtleties in evaluating the production of a top-philic Z′ at the LHC and examine carefully the treatment of ananomalous Z′ current in the low-energy effective theory. Recipes for properly computing the production rate in the Z′ + j channel are given. We discuss constraints from colliders and low-energy probes of new physics. As an application, we apply these considerations to models that use a weak-scale Z′ to explain possible violations of lepton universality in B meson decays, and show that the future running of a high luminosity LHC can potentially cover much of the remaining parameter space favored by this particular interpretation of the B physics anomaly.

The Journal of High Energy Physics
Department of Physics

Fox, P.J. (Patrick J.), Low, I. (Ian), & Zhang, Y. (2018). Top-philic Z′ forces at the LHC. The Journal of High Energy Physics, 2018(3). doi:10.1007/JHEP03(2018)074