Routine shipboard helicopter operation on many classes of ships requires that helicopters be maneuvered and traversed along the ship deck using installed helicopter securing and handling equipment. This paper describes the derivation, implementation, and validation of a four-degrees-of-freedom mathematical model for predicting and analyzing the behavior of shipboard aircraft under the influence of external aircraft handling forces. The resulting model is suitable both for engineering analysis and training applications. The helicopter model includes the coupled dynamics of the aircraft, landing gear, and optionally steerable or castorable auxiliary wheel assembly. Detailed tire modeling addresses the transient development and release of tire deflection and cornering forces related to yawed and unyawed relaxation lengths as well as direct application of forces by the handling system. Verification and both qualitative and full-scale experimental validation of the model, performed using a number of simple maneuvers to validate specific aspects of the simulation, are discussed. It is shown that the resulting HeliMan simulation captures the underlying dynamics of the shipboard helicopter maneuvering process. Full-scale validation data show that in many cases the simulation is able to reproduce closely the measured data. The effect of tire side loading on longitudinal rolling resistance has been identified as a shortcoming of existing rolling tire models and the most probable cause for differences that exist between simulated and measured results in some validation cases. Copyright
Journal of Aircraft
Carleton University

Linn, D.R. (Darren R.), & Langlois, R.G. (2006). Development and experimental validation of a shipboard helicopter on-deck maneuvering simulation. Journal of Aircraft, 43(4), 895–906. doi:10.2514/1.13865