Since their introduction in the mid seventies, a variety of fibre optic sensor configurations have been developed for the measurement of strain, deformation, temperature, vibration, pressure, etc. Variation of these parameters alters the refractive index and the geometric properties of the optical fibre, which in turn perturbs the intensity, phase, or polarization of the light wave propagating in the waveguide. Only in the past decade that Bragg grating-based fibre optic sensors emerged as the non-disputed champion in multiplexing and dual parameter sensing with increased potential for smart structure applications. Stringent requirements for single point discrete or distributed simultaneous strain and temperature measurements prompted this characterization study which has the objective of developing a detailed understanding of grating characteristics and response under external stimuli. Collocated and serially placed gratings were evaluated and tested for their effective sensitivity to strain and temperature and to coating materials variation such as polyamide and acrylite. Experimental sensitivity results correlated well with theoretical estimation for strain in single gratings. Whereas, significant wavelength differential is required for simultaneous temperature and strain measurement if collocated gratings are used.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Collocated sensors, Distributed sensors, Fibre bragg gratings, Strain constant, Strain measurement, Strain sensitivity, Temperature constant, Temperature measurement, Temperature sensitivity
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.716979
Conference Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2007
Citation
Mrad, N. (Nezih), Ivanov, A. (Alexei), Albert, J, & Xiao, G.Z. (Gao Zhi). (2007). Characterization of fibre Bragg gratings for temperature and strain sensing. Presented at the Sensors and Smart Structures Technologies for Civil, Mechanical, and Aerospace Systems 2007. doi:10.1117/12.716979