Using both regression- and VAR-based estimates, the paper finds that the exchange rate pass-through to import prices for a large number of countries is incomplete and larger than the pass-through to export prices. Previous studies have reported similar results, which give rise to the puzzle that while local currency pricing is needed to account for incomplete import price pass-through, it would not imply a lower export price passthrough. Recent explanations of this puzzle have emphasized markup adjustment in response to exchange rate changes. This paper suggests an alternative explanation based on the presence of both producer and local currency pricing. Using a dynamic general equilibrium model, the paper shows that a mix of producer and local currency pricing can explain the pass-through evidence even with a constant markup. The model can also explain the observed variability of key variables as well as the fact that the regression and VAR estimates tend to be similar.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Exchange rate pass-through, import and export prices, nominal rigidities, currency, choice
Publisher Department of Economics
Series Carleton Economic Papers (CEP)
Choudhri, E.U, & Hakura, Dalia S. (2014). The Exchange Rate Pass-Through to Import and Export Prices: The Role of Nominal Rigidities and Currency Choice (No. CEP 14-09). Carleton Economic Papers (CEP). Department of Economics.