I/O-optimal algorithms for outerplanar graphs
Journal of Graph Algorithms and Applications , Volume 8 - Issue 1 p. 47- 87
We present linear-I/O algorithms for fundamental graph problems on embedded outerplanar graphs. We show that breadth-first search, depth-first search, single-source shortest paths, triangulation, and computing an ε-separator of size O(1/ε) take O(scan(N)) I/Os on embedded outerplanar graphs. We also show that it takes O(sort(N)) I/Os to test whether a given graph is outerplanar and to compute an outerplanar embedding of an outerplanar graph, thereby providing O(sort(N))-I/O algorithms for the above problems if no embedding of the graph is given. As all these problems have linear-time algorithms in internal memory, a simple simulation technique can be used to improve the I/O-complexity of our algorithms from O(sort(N)) to O(perm(N)). We prove matching lower bounds for embedding, breadth-first search, depth-first search, and single-source shortest paths if no embedding is given. Our algorithms for the above problems use a simple linear-I/O time-forward processing algorithm for rooted trees whose vertices are stored in preorder.