Seven environmental lessons can be learned by Canada from the European Union experience with environmental issues. These lesssons include measurement and assessment are fundamental to improving environmental performance; independent policy capacity can play an important role in developing new options and bringing them to public and decision makers' attention; it is important to build up the economic weight of environment-friendly industries; distributive issues really do matter; path dependency is real; real movement on environmental issues requires deep structural changes including the transformation of dominant socio-technical practices in key societal subsystems such as agriculture, energy and transport; and civic mobilization makes difference.