A parametric finite element analysis study was carried out on slotted rectangular and square hollow structural section (HSS) tension connections without welding at the end of the gusset plate for different weld length ratio, slot orientation, weld size and level of HSS corner strength compared to its flat segment. Finite element models for the parametric study were developed and validated against test results of the connection with the tube slotted. The modified weld length ratio was found to be a better parameter than the modified eccentricity ratio in characterizing the net section efficiency of a slotted HSS tension member when the weld length is short. Improvements to provisions in CSA-S16-01 and ANSI/AISC-360-05 for slotted tubular tension connections were proposed based on results of the study.

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Journal of Constructional Steel Research
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

Zhao, R. (Ruogang), Huang, R. (Rongfeng), Khoo, H. A, & Roger Cheng, J.J. (2009). Parametric finite element study on slotted rectangular and square HSS tension connections. Journal of Constructional Steel Research, 65(3), 611–621. doi:10.1016/j.jcsr.2008.05.011