Forward calorimeters, located near the incident beams, complete the nearly 4π coverage for high pT particles resulting from proton-proton collisions in the ATLAS detector at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. Both the technology and the deployment of the forward calorimeters in ATLAS are novel. The liquid argon rod/tube electrode structure for the forward calorimeters was invented specifically for applications in high rate environments. The placement of the forward calorimeters adjacent to the other calorimeters relatively close to the interaction point provides several advantages including nearly seamless calorimetry and natural shielding for the muon system. The forward calorimeter performance requirements are driven by events with missing ET and tagging jets.

Journal of Instrumentation
Carleton University

Artamonov, A., Bailey, D., Belanger, G., Cadabeschi, M., Chen, T.-Y., Epshteyn, V., … Vincent, K. (2008). The ATLAS forward calorimeter. Journal of Instrumentation, 3(2). doi:10.1088/1748-0221/3/02/P02010