The effects of in vivo freezing and glucose cryoprotectant on protein glycation were investigated in the wood frog, Rana sylvatica. Our studies revealed no difference in the fructoselysine content of blood plasma sampled from control, 27 h frozen and 18 h thawed wood frogs. Glycated hemoglobin (GHb) decreased slightly with 48 h freezing exposure and was below control levels after 7 d recovery, while glycated serum albumin was unchanged by 48 h freezing but did increase after 7 d of recovery. In vitro exposure of blood lysates to glucose revealed that the GHb production in wood frogs was similar to that of the rat but was lower than in leopard frogs. We conclude that wood frog hemoglobin was glycated in vitro; however, GHb production was not apparent during freezing and recovery when in vivo glucose is highly elevated. It is possible that wood frog blood proteins have different in vivo susceptibilities to glycation.

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Department of Biology

MacDonald, J.A. (Justin A.), Degenhardt, T. (Thorsten), Baynes, J.W. (John W.), & Storey, K. (2009). Glycation of wood frog (Rana sylvatica) hemoglobin and blood proteins: In vivo and in vitro studies. Cryobiology, 59(2), 223–225. doi:10.1016/j.cryobiol.2009.06.008