In this article I attempt to shed light on the relationships between indigenous communities and bird populations through research on hunting in five neighboring villages in western Panama. Over eight months, 59 households captured 1,584 birds using rifles, sling-shots, traps, and other methods, resulting in a total yield of 252 kilograms. Although hunters captured more than 125 avian species, just four species account for more than half of the total harvest. The most important game bird is the great curassow (. Crax rubra), followed by the great tinamou (. Tinamus major) and crested guan (. Penelope purpurascens). The type and quantity of avifauna captured varies significantly according to habitat and hunting strategy. The spatial distribution of bird kill sites is highly concentrated, with 62 percent of the harvest by weight captured within just 1 kilometer of the participating households. Even the more vulnerable species are encountered close to home, suggesting that overhunting has not occurred.

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Geographical Review
Carleton University

Smith, D. (2010). The harvest of rain-forest birds by indigenous communities in panama. Geographical Review, 100(2), 187–203. doi:10.1111/j.1931-0846.2010.00021.x