Static and interactive tactile maps are discussed in the context of providing survey and mobility information to people who are visually impaired or blind. The heterogeneous nature of visual impairment is examined, as is the nature of tactile perception. Technologies associated with tactile maps are reviewed and the application of interactive tactile maps for populations, in addition to those who are visually impaired, is also considered. Cybercartography has considerable potential in this respect.

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de Almeida (Vasconcellos), R.A. (Regina Araujo), & Tsuji, B. (2005). Chapter 18 Interactive mapping for people who are blind or visually impaired. doi:10.1016/S1363-0814(05)80021-8