There is emerging evidence that the ventilation strategy used in acute lung injury (ALI) makes a significant difference in outcome and that an inappropriate ventilation strategy may produce ventilator-associated lung injury. Most harmful during mechanical ventilation are lung overdistension and lung collapse or atelectasis. Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) as a noninvasive imaging technology may be helpful to identify lung areas at risk. Currently, no automated method is routinely available to identify lung areas that are overdistended, collapsed or ventilated appropriately. We propose a fuzzy logic-based algorithm to analyse EIT images obtained during stepwise changes of mean airway pressures during mechanical ventilation. The algorithm is tested on data from two published studies of stepwise inflation-deflation manoeuvres in an animal model of ALI using conventional and highfrequency oscillatory ventilation. The timing of lung opening and collapsing on segmented images obtained using the algorithm during an inflation-deflation manoeuvre is in agreement with well-known effects of surfactant administration and changes in shunt fraction. While the performance of the algorithm has not been verified against a gold standard, we feel that it presents an important first step in tackling this challenging and important problem.

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Keywords Collapse, EIT, Fuzzy logic, Mechanical ventilation, Overdistension, Segmentation
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Journal Physiological Measurement
Grychtol, B. (Bartlomiej), Wolf, G.K. (Gerhard K.), Adler, A, & Arnold, J.H. (John H.). (2010). Towards lung EIT image segmentation: Automatic classification of lung tissue state from analysis of EIT monitored recruitment manoeuvres. Physiological Measurement, 31(8). doi:10.1088/0967-3334/31/8/S03