Extraction of 17β-estradiol in water using non-imprinted polymer submicron particles in membrane filters
17β-Estradiol (E2) is an endocrine disrupting chemical of harm to both animals and human beings at a low concentration level (ng/L). It cannot be completely removed by wastewater treatments, and is often detected in both environment and drinking waters. The purpose of this feasibility study, towards environmental engineering in the field of water analysis and treatment, was to remove E2 by extraction using non-imprinted polymer (NIP) submicron particles. Experimental results showed that 0.5 mg/L of E2 could be completely extracted by adding 10 mg of NIP particles directly into 10 mL of water. However, the extraction efficiency decreased to 64% for 100 mL of water. prefilling the NIP particles inside a membrane filter showed a potential for water treatment of a large volume, requiring no effort to distribute the particles uniformly in the water. High extraction efficiency (80 ± 10)% for E2 was achieved for 100 mL of water. A total mass of 0.29 mg E2 was extracted from 1000 mL of water containing 0.8 mg/L E2 (by using only 10 mg of NIP particles). Both efficiency and mass capacity can be increased, by scaling up the amount of NIP particles, towards environmental engineering applications.
|Keywords||17β-estradiol, Membrane filter, Non-imprinted polymer, Pollution abatement technology, Submicron particles|
|Journal||Journal of Environmental Sciences|
Li, Y. (Yiyan), & Lai, E. P. (2010). Extraction of 17β-estradiol in water using non-imprinted polymer submicron particles in membrane filters. Journal of Environmental Sciences, 22(11), 1820–1825. doi:10.1016/S1001-0742(09)60325-9