The hydration of different GCLs from the pore water of the underlying foundation soil is investigated for isothermal conditions at room temperature. Results are reported for three different reinforced (needle punched) GCL products. Both a silty sand (SM) and sand (SP) foundation soil are examined. GCL hydration is shown to be highly dependant on the initial moisture content of the foundation soil. GCLs on a foundation soil with a moisture content close to field capacity hydrated to a moisture content essentially the same as if immersed in water while those on soil at an initial moisture content close to residual only hydrated to a gravimetric moisture content of 30-35%. The method of GCL manufacture is shown to have an effect on the rate of hydration and the final moisture content. The presence or absence of a small (2 kPa) seating pressure is shown to affect the rate of hydration but not the final moisture content. The GCL hydration did not change significantly irrespective of whether a nonwoven cover or woven carrier GCL rested on the foundation soil.

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Keywords Geosynthetic clay liner, Hydration, Sand, Silty sand
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Journal Geotextiles and Geomembranes
Rayhani, M.T, Rowe, R.K., Brachman, R.W.I., Take, W.A., & Siemens, G. (2011). Factors affecting GCL hydration under isothermal conditions. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 29(6), 525–533. doi:10.1016/j.geotexmem.2011.06.001