Microwave-assisted ionic liquid phase synthesis of phthalonitrile polymers
A novel, efficient methodology for the synthesis of phthalonitrile derivatives was investigated, using ionic liquid (IL) and microwave media as well as both simultaneously. Phthalonitrile monomers containing imide linkages were prepared from the reaction between aromatic dianhydrides, 3,3 ′,4,4′-benzophenonetetracarboxylic dianhydride (BPTA), pyromellitic dianhydride (PMDA), 4,4′-(hexafluroisopropylidene) diphthalic anhydride (6FDA), 3,3 ′,4,4′-biphenyltetracarboxylic dianhydride (BTDA) and the end-capping agent 4-(3-aminophenoxy) phthalonitrile through the imidization reaction. The use of the IL1-butyl-3-methyl imidazoliumchloride as a solvent significantly increased the rate and yield of the reaction. The use of microwave irradiation and reaction parameters significantly shortened the reaction time while enhancing the purity. The polymerization of the prepared phthalonitrile monomers was carried out with 3 wt % of aromatic diamine 4,4 ′-oxydianiline (ODA) curing agent under microwave irradiation. It is shown that condensation was successfully carried out using the recyclable IL medium under microwave irradiation.
|Keywords||Ionic liquids, Microwave, Phthalonitrile|
|Journal||Journal of Polymer Engineering|
Selvakumar, P. (Palaniappan), Sarojadevi, M. (Muthusamy), & Sundararajan, P. (2011). Microwave-assisted ionic liquid phase synthesis of phthalonitrile polymers. Journal of Polymer Engineering, 31(2-3), 105–113. doi:10.1515/POLYENG.2011.027