In this paper, I distinguish scientific models in three kinds on the basis of their ontological status-material models, mathematical models and fictional models, and develop and defend an account of fictional models as fictional objects-i.e. abstract objects that stand for possible concrete objects.

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Keywords Fictional objects, Scientific models
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Journal Synthese
Contessa, G. (2010). Scientific models and fictional objects. Synthese, 172(2), 215–229. doi:10.1007/s11229-009-9503-2