A technique to produce low loss small angle bends in photonic crystal waveguides is presented. The technique consists of bridging parallel input and output waveguide segments with an inclined waveguide region of the same basic design that has a lateral dielectric shift. Results are presented for waveguides produced by enlarging the silicon gap along the central line, separating air holes in a square array photonic crystal for the TE polarization and an operating wavelength of λ o = 1.55 μm. This low loss waveguide bending technique is applied to the design of Y branch and Mach-Zehnder photonic crystal structures. Simulation of the performance of the dielectric structures is achieved using 2-D FDTD, similar results are anticipated when applied to 3-D waveguide configurations and for other photonic crystal layouts.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Integrated optic, Mach-Zehnder, Photonic crystal, Waveguide bends, Waveguides, Y branch
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.optcom.2011.12.007
Journal Optics Communications
Gauthier, R, Newman, S., & Medri, K.E. (2012). 2D FDTD simulation of low loss small angle bend and y branch configurations in a photonic crystal waveguide layout with a Mach-Zehnder device design configuration. Optics Communications, 285(7), 1976–1987. doi:10.1016/j.optcom.2011.12.007