The effect of adding a thin high index dielectric overlay layer onto a 3-layer slab waveguide demonstrates several interesting features that can be exploited in integrated optical device configurations. A simple modal analysis is employed to examine the behavior of guided light launched from a 3-layer waveguide structure then coupled and propagated in the 4-layer overlay region. Modal properties typically overlooked in conventional slab waveguides are made use of in the design and theoretical analysis of an MMI device and optical index of refraction sensor. The optical structure presented here can form the backdrop waveguide design for more complex and active devices.

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Journal Applied Optics
Gauthier, R, Medri, K.E. (Kristian E.), & Newman, S.R. (Scott R.). (2012). Modal analysis and device considerations of thin high index dielectric overlay slab waveguides. Applied Optics, 51(9), 1266–1275. doi:10.1364/AO.51.001266