Equity and Expectancy Considerations in Stakeholder Action
An "interest-based" view of stakeholder action-a view that stakeholders act against organizations to safeguard or promote their own interests-underlies much research in stakeholder theory. In this article, the author uses two motivation theories-equity theory and expectancy theory-to address the general research question, "What are the conditions under which stakeholders will take action against an organization?" Doing so allows for a more explicit elaboration of an interest-based approach to understanding stakeholder action. Applying these theories, the author develops propositions concerning the conditions that are likely to precipitate stakeholder sanctions directed at a focal organization and develops a basic framework for understanding when such stakeholder action is likely. Finally, the author discusses the theoretical and practical implications of this work.
|Keywords||equity theory, expectancy theory, stakeholder action, stakeholder theory|
|Journal||Business and Society|
Hayibor, S. (2012). Equity and Expectancy Considerations in Stakeholder Action. Business and Society, 51(2), 220–262. doi:10.1177/0007650308323396