A general stability result for bilateral teleoperator systems with projection-based force reflection algorithms from a broad class is presented. It is shown that the overall stability of a teleoperator system can be achieved under mild assumptions on subsystem stability, properties of the communication channel, dynamics of the human operator, and the human force measurement/estimation process. In particular, the stability is achieved under a new general assumption on human dynamics which allows for both passive and nonpassive behaviour of the human operator. It is demonstrated that the use of projection-based force reflection algorithms effectively removes the constraints on subsystem gains that are typical for direct application of the small-gain design, thus solving the trade-off between stability, manoeuvrability, and high force reflection gain in bilateral teleoperation over communication networks.

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Keywords Communication networks, Nonlinear systems, Stability analysis, Teleoperation, Telerobotics
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.automatica.2012.02.043
Journal Automatica
Polushin, I.G. (Ilia G.), Liu, P, & Lung, C.H. (2012). Stability of bilateral teleoperators with generalized projection-based force reflection algorithms. Automatica, 48(6), 1005–1016. doi:10.1016/j.automatica.2012.02.043