In order to gain further insight into the processes underlying rapid reproductive protein evolution, we have conducted a population genetic survey of 44 reproductive tract-expressed proteases, protease inhibitors, and targets of proteolysis in Drosophila melanogaster and Drosophila simulans. Our findings suggest that positive selection on this group of genes is temporally heterogeneous, with different patterns of selection inferred using tests sensitive at different time scales. Such variation in the strength and targets of selection through time may be expected under models of sexual conflict and/or host-pathogen interaction. Moreover, available functional information concerning the genes that show evidence of selection suggests that both sexual selection and immune processes have been important in the evolutionary history of this group of molecules.

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Keywords Coevolution, Immunity, Proteolysis, Seminal proteins, Sexual conflict, Sperm competition
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Journal Molecular Biology and Evolution
Wong, A, Turchin, M.C. (Michael C.), Wolfner, M.F. (Mariana F.), & Aquadro, C.F. (Charles F.). (2012). Temporally variable selection on proteolysis-related reproductive tract proteins in Drosophila. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 29(1), 229–238. doi:10.1093/molbev/msr197