Predictive accuracy of dynamic risk factors for aboriginal and non-aboriginal sex offenders: An exploratory comparison using STABLE-2007
Although Aboriginal offenders are overrepresented in Canadian prisons, there is limited research examining the extent to which commonly used risk factors and risk scales are applicable to Aboriginals. Aboriginal (n = 88) and non-Aboriginal (n = 509) sex offenders on community supervision were compared on the dynamic risk factors of STABLE-2007. Data on sexual, violent, any crime, and any recidivism (including breaches) were collected with an average follow-up of 3.4 years. Aboriginal offenders scored significantly higher than non-Aboriginal offenders on STABLE-2007 total scores and on several items measuring general criminality. STABLE-2007 did not significantly predict recidivism with Aboriginal offenders (although it did for non-Aboriginals). The general antisociality items were generally significantly less predictive for Aboriginals than non-Aboriginals, whereas items assessing sexual self-regulation and relationship stability predicted similarly for both groups. These exploratory results suggest that Aboriginal sex offenders are a higher-needs group but that some STABLE-2007 items are not predictive with this population.
|Keywords||Aboriginal offenders, dynamic risk factors, predictive accuracy, risk assessment, sex offenders|
|Journal||International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology|
Helmus, L. (Leslie), Babchishin, K.M. (Kelly M.), & Blais, J. (2012). Predictive accuracy of dynamic risk factors for aboriginal and non-aboriginal sex offenders: An exploratory comparison using STABLE-2007. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 56(6), 856–876. doi:10.1177/0306624X11414693