In this paper, we present a new approach for the analysis of iterative node-based verification-based (NB-VB) recovery algorithms in the context of compressed sensing. These algorithms are particularly interesting due to their low complexity (linear in the signal dimension ${n}$). The asymptotic analysis predicts the fraction of unverified signal elements at each iteration ${\ell}$ in the asymptotic regime where ${n\rightarrow\infty}$. The analysis is similar in nature to the well-known density evolution technique commonly used to analyze iterative decoding algorithms. To perform the analysis, a message-passing interpretation of NB-VB algorithms is provided. This interpretation lacks the extrinsic nature of standard message-passing algorithms to which density evolution is usually applied. This requires a number of nontrivial modifications in the analysis. The analysis tracks the average performance of the recovery algorithms over the ensembles of input signals and sensing matrices as a function of . Concentration results are devised to demonstrate that the performance of the recovery algorithms applied to any choice of the input signal over any realization of the sensing matrix follows the deterministic results of the analysis closely. Simulation results are also provided which demonstrate that the proposed asymptotic analysis matches the performance of recovery algorithms for large but finite values of ${n}$. Compared to the existing technique for the analysis of NB-VB algorithms, which is based on numerically solving a large system of coupled differential equations, the proposed method is more accurate and simpler to implement.

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Keywords Asymptotic analysis, channel coding, compressed sensing, density evolution, iterative decoding algorithms, iterative recovery algorithms, low-complexity compressed sensing, low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes, message-passing algorithms, sparse graphs, sparse sensing matrix, success threshold, verification-based recovery algorithms
Persistent URL
Journal IEEE Transactions on Information Theory
Eftekhari, Y. (Yaser), Heidarzadeh, A. (Anoosheh), Banihashemi, A, & Lambadaris, I. (2012). Density evolution analysis of node-based verification-based algorithms in compressed sensing. In IEEE Transactions on Information Theory (Vol. 58, pp. 6616–6645). doi:10.1109/TIT.2012.2206368