Optimization conditions for alkylresorcinols (ARs) extraction from triticale bran were determined using response surface methodology. A central composite design was used to determine the effects of extraction temperature (degrees Celsius) and solid-to-solvent ratio (weight per volume) on yield of saturated, unsaturated and total ARs. Extraction of ARs was affected significantly (p value ≤ 0.05) by temperature and solid-to-solvent ratio on the yield of saturated, unsaturated and total ARs. The highest quantity of total ARs from triticale bran was extracted at 24 °C between 16 and 24 h at a solid-to-solvent ratio (weight per volume) of 1:40 and ranged from 278 to 308 mg/100 g, while saturated and unsaturated ARs were 163 to 225 mg/100 g and 22 to 29 mg/100 g, respectively. The ARs identified by high-performance liquid chromatography included: C15:0, C17:0, C19:0, C21:0, C23:0 and C25:0. Also some unsaturated analogues (12. 4% to 14. 0%) were found including C17:1, C19:1, C21:1 and C23:1. Analysis of variance (p value = 0. 05) indicated that the response surface methodology (RSM) developed for saturated, unsaturated and total ARs were adequate and explained most of the variability (85% to 89%) with high coefficient of multiple determination (R 2 = 0.89). The main effect of the response variable was quadratic rather than a linear function. Our results showed that RSM is a tool that is useful to optimise experimental conditions for the extraction of ARs.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Alkylresorcinols, Cereal bran, Phenolic lipids, Response surface methodology (RSM), Triticale (Triticosecale)
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11947-011-0756-7
Journal Food and Bioprocess Technology
Citation
Agil, R. (Rania), Oomah, D.B. (Dave B.), Mazza, G. (Giuseppe), & Hosseinian, F. (2012). Optimization of alkylresorcinols extraction from triticale bran using response surface methodology. Food and Bioprocess Technology, 5(7), 2655–2664. doi:10.1007/s11947-011-0756-7