Fracture mapping using seismic amplitude variation with offset and azimuth analysis at the Weyburn CO2 storage site
Cap rock integrity is an essential characteristic of any reservoir to be used for long-term CO2 storage. Seismic AVOA (amplitude variation with offset and azimuth) techniques have been applied to map HTI anisotropy near the cap rock of the Weyburn field in southeast Saskatchewan, Canada, with the purpose of identifying potential fracture zones that may compromise seal integrity. This analysis, supported by modeling, observes the top of the regional seal (Watrous Formation) to have low levels of HTI anisotropy, whereas the reservoir cap rock (composite Midale Evaporite and Ratcliffe Beds) contains isolated areas of high intensity anisotropy, which may be fracture-related. Properties of the fracture fill and hydraulic conductivity within the inferred fracture zones are not constrained using this technique. The predominant orientations of the observed anisotropy are parallel and normal to the direction of maximum horizontal stress (northeast-southwest) and agree closely with previous fracture studies on core samples from the reservoir. Anisotropy anomalies are observed to correlate spatially with salt dissolution structures in the cap rock and overlying horizons as interpreted from 3D seismic cross sections.
|Keywords||Anisotropy, Fractures, Inversion, Modeling, Seismic attributes|
Duxbury, A. (Alexander), White, D. (Don), Samson, C, Hall, S.A. (Stephen A.), Wookey, J. (James), & Kendall, J.-M. (J.-Michael). (2012). Fracture mapping using seismic amplitude variation with offset and azimuth analysis at the Weyburn CO2 storage site. Geophysics, 77(6). doi:10.1190/geo2011-0075.1