This article examines Brazil’s experiences with anti-poverty and progressive social change, and spells out possible lessons for emerging economies with similar challenges. It draws on the Bolsa Familia conditional cash transfers (CCT) and the continuous cash benefits programmes and discusses important aspects of programme leadership, management and coordination. After a brief discussion of poverty, it presents a framework synthesizing key success factors for effective and sustaining programme implementation. Brazil does not offer a ‘blueprint’ for other countries to copy; only lessons from experience. Therefore the article concludes by discussing key ongoing challenges and suggests areas for future research, focusing on comparative studies across countries.

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Keywords anti-poverty, Bolsa Familia, Brazil, conditional cash transfers, coordination, decentralization, emerging economies, inequality, poverty, programme management, progressive social change
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Journal International Review of Administrative Sciences
Kiggundu, M. (2012). Anti-poverty and progressive social change in Brazil: Lessons for other emerging economies. International Review of Administrative Sciences, 78(4), 733–756. doi:10.1177/0020852312455553