Nine [Ru(Tp)(dppe)L] complexes, where Tp is hydrotris(pyrazol-1-yl)borate, dppe is ethylenebis(diphenylphosphine), and L is (4-nitrophenyl)cyanamide (NO2pcyd-), (2-chlorophenyl)cyanamide (2-Clpcyd -), (3-chlorophenyl)cyanamide (3-Clpcyd-), (2,4-dichlorophenyl)cyanamide (2,4-Cl2pcyd-), (2,3-dichlorophenyl)cyanamide (2,3-Cl2pcyd-), (2,5-dichlorophenyl)cyanamide (2,5-Cl2pcyd-), (2,4,5-trichlorophenyl)cyanamide (2,4,5-Cl3pcyd-), (2,3,5,6-tetrachlorophenyl)cyanamide (2,3,5,6-Cl4pcyd-), and (pentachlorophenyl)cyanamide (Cl5pcyd-), and the dinuclear complex [{Ru(Tp)(dppe)}2(μ-adpc)], where adpc 2- is azo-4,4-diphenylcyanamide, have been prepared and characterized. The crystal structures of [Ru(Tp)(dppe)(Cl5pcyd)] and [{Ru(Tp)(dppe)}2(μ-adpc)] reveal the RuII ion to occupy a pseudooctahedral coordination sphere in which the cyanamide ligand coordinates to RuII by its terminal nitrogen atom. For both complexes, the cyanamide ligands are planar, indicating significant π mixing between the cyanamide and phenyl moieties as well as the azo group in the case of adpc2-. The optical spectra of the nominally ruthenium(III) species [Ru(Tp)(dppe)L]+ were obtained through spectroelectrochemistry measurements and showed an intense near-IR absorption band. Time-dependent density functional theory calculations of these species revealed that oxidation of the ruthenium(II) species led to species where partial oxidation of the cyanamide ligand had occurred, indicative of noninnocent character for these ligands. The spin densities reveal that while the 3-Clpycd species has substantial RuII(3-Clpycd0) character, the Cl5pycd species is a much more localized ruthenium(III) complex of the Cl5pycd monoanion. Some bond order and charge distribution data are derived for these ruthenium(III) species. The near-IR band is assigned as a quite complex mixture of d-d, 4dπ to L(NCN) MLCT, and L(NCN) to Ru 4d LMCT with even a scorpionate ligand component. Spectroelectrochemistry was also performed on [{Ru(Tp)(dppe)} 2(μ-adpc)] to generate the mixed-valence state. The intense intervalence transition that is observed in the near-IR is very similar to that previously reported for [{Ru(trpy)(bpy)}2(μ-adpc)]2+, where trpy is 2,2′:6′,2″-terpyridine and bpy is 2,2′-bipyridine, and by analogy identifies [{Ru(Tp)(dppe)} 2(μ-adpc)]+ as a delocalized mixed-valence complex.

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Journal Inorganic Chemistry
Harb, C. (Carmen), Kravtsov, P. (Pavel), Choudhuri, M. (Mohommad), Sirianni, E.R. (Eric R.), Yap, G.P.A. (Glenn P.A.), Lever, A.B.P., & Crutchley, R. (2013). Phenylcyanamidoruthenium scorpionate complexes. Inorganic Chemistry, 52(3), 1621–1630. doi:10.1021/ic302535h