Athermal operation of silicon waveguides for the TM and TE mode is achieved using the bridged subwavelength grating (BSWG) waveguide geometry. For the TM mode the experimental results show that the temperature-induced wavelength shift (dλ/dT) is an order of magnitude smaller for the BSWG waveguides with grating duty cycle, waveguide and bridge widths of 42%, 490 nm and 220 nm, respectively, as compared to standard photonics wires (PW). For the TE mode similar results are achieved by using the bridge width of 200 nm and similar duty cycle and waveguide width. A temperature-induced shift of only -2.5 pm/°C is reported for the TM polarized light. Propagation losses of BSWG waveguides for both polarizations were measured to be about 8 dB/cm, comparable to that of PWs.

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Keywords Athermal, Bridged subwavelength grating (BSWG), Grating duty cycle, Silicon photonics, Subwavelength grating (SWG), Thermo-optic coefficient, Waveguides
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Conference Photonics North 2012
Ibrahim, M., Aleali, A, Schmid, J.H., Cheben, P., Lapointe, J., Janz, S., … Ye, W.N. (2012). Temperature-independent silicon waveguides comprising bridged subwavelength gratings. Presented at the Photonics North 2012. doi:10.1117/12.2001480