Electrical lysis (EL) is the process of breaking the cell membrane to expose the internal contents under an applied high electric field. Lysis is an important phenomenon for cellular analysis, medical treatment, and biofouling control. This paper aims to review, summarize, and analyze recent advancements on EL. Major databases including PubMed, Ei Engineering Village, IEEE Xplore, and Scholars Portal were searched using relevant keywords. More than 50 articles published in English since 1997 are cited in this article. EL has several key advantages compared to other lysis techniques such as chemical, mechanical, sonication, or laser, including rapid speed of operation, ability to control, miniaturization, low cost, and low power requirement. A variety of cell types have been investigated for including protoplasts, E. coli, yeasts, blood cells, and cancer cells. EL has been developed and applied for decontamination, cytology, genetics, single-cell analysis, cancer treatment, and other applications. On-chip EL is a promising technology for multiplexed automated implementation of cell-sample preparation and processing with micro- or nanoliter reagents.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Cell membrane, Electric field, Electrical lysis, Electroporation, Microfluidics, On-chip operation
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.2013006378
Journal Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering
Morshed, B.I. (Bashir I.), Shams, M, & Mussivand, T. (Tofy). (2013). Electrical lysis: Dynamics revisited and advances in on-chip operation. Critical Reviews in Biomedical Engineering, 41(1), 37–50. doi:10.1615/CritRevBiomedEng.2013006378