This study evaluated the effects of cultivar and region on the composition of alkylresorcinols (ARs) of 24 wheat bran samples from 6 cultivars grown in four locations (Bath, Nairn, Palmerstone and Ridgetown) in Ontario (ON), Canada, using gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Total phenolic content (TPC) of wheat bran extracts was determined by the Folin-Ciocalteau method and the antioxidant activity of wheat bran extracts was measured by 2, 2-Dipheny-1-picryhydrazyl radical (DPPH) scavenging activity and oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC). The highest ARs content (μg/g) was found in cultivars Emmit (1522), Harvard (1305), Warthog (1170), and Superior (853), grown in Ridgetown. The relative saturated and unsaturated ARs (%) were 89 and 11, respectively. Total ARs content, their composition, TPC and antioxidant activity of wheat bran extracts were significantly (P < 0.05) affected by location and cultivar and their interaction. TPC, %DPPHdis, and ORAC values for different wheat bran sample extracts ranged from 3 to 58 (mg FAE/g), 5 to 68 (%), and 6 to 94 (μmol TE/g), respectively. Our work provides a detailed examination of region and cultivar effects on potential of ARs in wheat bran and the results can be used for screening and breeding purposes.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Alkylresorcinols, Cultivar and region, GC-MS, Wheat bran
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jcs.2013.01.003
Journal Journal of Cereal Science
Citation
Gunenc, A. (Aynur), HadiNezhad, M. (Mehri), Tamburic-Ilincic, L. (Lily), Mayer, P.M. (Paul M.), & Hosseinian, F. (2013). Effects of region and cultivar on alkylresorcinols content and composition in wheat bran and their antioxidant activity. Journal of Cereal Science, 57(3), 405–410. doi:10.1016/j.jcs.2013.01.003