Over the last couple of years, a stream of pluralist theories of international legal order has developed at the intersection of international law and political theory, having immediate implications for conceptualizing self-determination. The understanding of self-determination under the framework of bounded, constitutional, andradical pluralismmarkedly departs from the previous wave of normative theories in the 1990s: self-determination is now evacuated from the field of national pluralism and struggles over territory. This article does not question the thrust of pluralists' recent work, but complements their critical attunement to global disparities of power, and complicates their neglect of nationalism and rejection of territorial reconfigurations as self-determination's core meaning. In doing so, it unearths two visions that come from the (semi-)periphery of the international political order. The first belongs to Edvard Kardelj, pre-eminent Yugoslav theorist of socialist selfmanagement and the Non-Aligned Movement. The second belongs to Leopold Sédar Senghor, the poet and politician, advocate of négritude, a proponent of FrenchWest African integration, and a constitutional advocate for the reconfiguration - not abolition - of the FrenchUnion, the heir to the French Empire. While they are suspicious of extensive territorial reconstruction, like contemporary pluralists, unlike them they have seen a role for territorial reconfigurations in the name of national plurality.

Additional Metadata
Keywords All-affected interests principle, French West Africa, Kardelj, Non-Aligned Movement, Pluralism, Self-determination, Senghor
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0922156513000216
Journal Leiden Journal of International Law
Oklopcic, Z. (2013). International legal theory beyond empty, conservative, and ethereal: Pluralist self-determination and a peripheral political imaginary. Leiden Journal of International Law, 26(3), 509–529. doi:10.1017/S0922156513000216