There have been a number of steganography embedding techniques proposed over the past few years. In turn, there has been great interest in steganalysis techniques as the embedding techniques improve. Specifically, universal steganalysis techniques have become more attractive since they work independently of the embedding technique. In this work, we examine the effectiveness of a basic universal technique that relies on some knowledge about the cover media, but not the embedding technique. We consider images as a cover media, and examine how a single technique that we call steganographic sanitization performs on 26 different steganography programs that are publicly available on the Internet. Our experiments are completed using a number of secret messages and a variety of different levels of sanitization. However, since our intent is to remove covert communication, and not authentication information, we examine how well the sanitization process preserves authentication information such as watermarks and digital fingerprints.

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Conference 3rd Annual Conference on Privacy, Security and Trust, PST 2005
Whitehead, A. (2005). Towards eliminating steganographic communication. Presented at the 3rd Annual Conference on Privacy, Security and Trust, PST 2005.