This paper addresses the Quality of Service (QoS) degradation problem of wireless relay node failures in multihop Worldwide interoperable Microwave Access (WiMAX) and Long Term Evolution (LTE) networks. In general, node protection in a communication network increases the reliability of the traffic flow from source to destination. For wireless networks, implementing the traditional 1+1 protection scheme increases the capital cost, as resources cannot be fully utilized. On the other hand, the design and implementation of the 1:N protection scheme in wireless networks for greater value of N (> 2) is very difficult, due to wireless network coverage and the physical layer design. To overcome the above drawbacks, a technique based on network coding is proposed for node protection in multihop wireless networks. In multihop wireless networks, few research efforts are concentrated on node protection schemes using network coding. Moreover, to best of our knowledge, no reports have been published on measuring the QoS performance for node protection in 4G wireless networks using network coding. In this paper, we first describe the node protection scheme using XOR network coding for multihop 4G wireless networks. Then, we measure the QoS performance, such as packet delivery ratio (PDR), latency and jitter, for different scenarios. The scenarios include a failure of a single relay node and failures of two relay nodes with and without our protection scheme and user's mobility. The simulation results show that the QoS performance with protection against a single relay node failure and failures of two relay nodes are very close to that of no failure scenario, while the network reliability increases due to the protection mechanism. Also, we report a decoding problem in multihop wireless networks using XOR network coding.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Multihop WiMAX and multihop LTE, Network coding, QoS, Remy node protection
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1109/IWCMC.2013.6583573
Conference 2013 9th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference, IWCMC 2013
Citation
Rengaraju, P. (Perumalraja), Lung, C.H, & Srinivasan, A. (Anand). (2013). QoS and protection of relay nodes in 4G wireless networks using network coding. Presented at the 2013 9th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference, IWCMC 2013. doi:10.1109/IWCMC.2013.6583573