Electrical impedance tomography (EIT) is a noninvasive method to image conductivity distributions within a body. One promising application of EIT is to monitor ventilation in patients as a real-time bedside tool. Thus, it is essential that an EIT system reliably provide meaningful information, or alert clinicians when this is impossible. Because the reconstructed images are very sensitive to system instabilities (primarily from electrode connection variability and movement), EIT systems should continuously monitor and, if possible, correct for such errors. Motivated by this requirement, we describe a novel approach to quantitatively measure EIT data quality. Our goals are to define the requirements of a data quality metric, develop a metric q which meets these requirements, and an efficient way to calculate it. The developed metric q was validated using data from saline tank experiments and a retrospective clinical study. Additionally, we show that q may be used to compare the performance of EIT systems using phantom measurements. Results suggest that the calculated metric reflects well the quality of reconstructed EIT images for both phantom and clinical data. The proposed measure can thus be used for real-time assessment of EIT data quality and, hence, to indicate the reliability of any derived physiological information.

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Keywords Data quality, electrical impedance tomography, image quality, patient monitoring
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1109/TMI.2013.2269867
Journal IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
Mamatjan, Y. (Yasin), Grychtol, B. (Bartlomiej), Gaggero, P. (Pascal), Justiz, J. (Jorn), Koch, V.M. (Volker M.), & Adler, A. (2013). Evaluation and real-time monitoring of data quality in electrical impedance tomography. IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, 32(11), 1997–2005. doi:10.1109/TMI.2013.2269867