A combination of factors renders problematic the establishment of a competitive party system in Russia. Survey evidence from the period of the 1993 Duma election is used to examine the nature of attitudes to parties; these are found to be more supportive than might have been expected. The extent of public orientations to party is found to relate to interest in politics and belief in the meaningfulness of elections. General similarity in party orientation is found to exist among parties of different sizes and ideological stances. The importance of the development of public belief in political parties as a basis for democracy is emphasized.

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Party Politics
Institute of European, Russian and Eurasian Studies

Pammett, J.H, & DeBardeleben, J. (2000). Citizen orientations to political parties in Russia. Party Politics, 6(3), 373–384. doi:10.1177/1354068800006003007