Mode-division multiplexing (MDM) is an emerging multipleinput multiple-output method, utilizing multimode waveguides to increase channel numbers. In the past, silicon-on-insulator (SOI) devices have been primarily focused on single-mode waveguides. We present the design and fabrication of a two-mode SOI ring resonator for MDM systems. By optimizing the device parameters, we have ensured that each mode is treated equally within the ring. Using adiabatic Bezier curves in the ring bends, our ring demonstrated a signal-to-crosstalk ratio above 18 dB for both modes at the through and drop ports. We conclude that the ring resonator has the potential for filtering and switching for MDM systems on SOI.

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Journal Optics Express
Dorin, B.A. (Bryce A.), & Ye, W.N. (2014). Two-mode division multiplexing in a silicon-on-insulator ring resonator. Optics Express, 22(4), 4547–4558. doi:10.1364/OE.22.004547