The purpose of this study was to assess young children's lineup identification performance compared to adults and to determine whether developmental variability exists in reaction time when making correct and incorrect identification decisions across target-present and target-absent lineups. Adults (Mage = 20.00) and young children (Mage= 4.69) were exposed to an unfamiliar target and the time taken for them to make a lineup decision was automatically recorded by touching the picture on a computer screen. Children were found to have fewer hits (i.e., correct identifications and rejections) and more false alarms than adults in both lineup types. In addition, results support the hypothesis that a faster decision was related to improved accuracy for adults, while a slower decision may be suggestive of reduced accuracy for children. The developmental variability may suggest that developmental cognitive factors may influence lineup behavior. Implications of the findings and recommendation for future research are discussed. Copyright 2014 American Journal of Forensic Psychology.

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Journal American Journal of Forensic Psychology
Bruer, K. (Kaila), & Pozzulo, J. (2014). Does speed indicate lineup identification accuracy? Examining children's and adults' reaction time. American Journal of Forensic Psychology, 32(2), 43–61.