Karren (small-scale dissolutional features) have a great variety of forms and are known by a huge suite of terms. Bare rock forms are sharper and more gravitomorphic than subcutaneous forms, where rock-fracture control may dominate. Four controls operate: (1) physical properties of the solvent (fluid flow, surface tension, and percolation); (2) chemical properties of the solvent (unmodified rainwater, enhanced aggressivity, and reduced aggressivity); (3) chemical properties of the solute (rock solubility); and (4) physical properties of the solute (fractures and rock texture). Large expanses of bare rock karren are called karren fields, the more famous including China's 'Stone Forest', Madagascar's 'Tsingy', and Mulu's 'Pinnacles'.

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Keywords Ausgleichsfläche, Clint, Decantation, Grike, Kamenitza, Karren, Pavement, Pinnacle, Rillenkarren, Rillensteine, Rinnenkarren, Rundkarren, Solution bevel, Solution pipe, Subcutaneous, Trittkarren
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-374739-6.00129-9
Lundberg, J. (2013). Microsculpturing of Solutional Rocky Landforms. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-374739-6.00129-9