The immediate and carry-over effects of scopolamine and d-amphetamine were evaluated in a free running Y-maze spontaneous alternation task. The immediate effect of scopolamine (1.0 mg/kg) or d-amphetamine (5.0 mg/kg) was to reduce alternation to chance or to levels significantly below chance (persereration), respectively. On a second, non-drug test day alternation decreased in saline treated animals, but increased among mice which received scopolamine on Day 1. In contrast, upon retesting in the non-drug state, the performance of animals initially treated with d-amphetamine resembled that of saline treated mice. Subsequent experiments revealed that these effects could not be attributed to drug effects on peripheral mechanisms, memory consolidation, residual drug action or drug dissociated learning. It was concluded that the behavioral effects of scopolamine and d-amphetamine are qualitatively different. Whereas scopolamine disrupts habituation, d-amphetamine induces perservation independently of any effects on habituation.

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Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior
Carleton University

Kokkinidis, L. (Larry), & Anisman, H. (1976). Dissociation of the effects of scopolamine and d-amphetamine on a spontaneous alternation task. Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior, 5(3), 293–297. doi:10.1016/0091-3057(76)90081-2